MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN IRAQ BETWEEN THE HAMMER OF POPULATION GROWTH AND THE ANVIL OF THE ADMINISTRATION, FACTS, TREATMENTS AND VISION OF THE FUTURE

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN IRAQ BETWEEN THE HAMMER OF POPULATION GROWTH AND THE ANVIL OF THE ADMINISTRATION, FACTS, TREATMENTS AND VISION OF THE FUTURE

  • وداد حمد شعبان
  • شيماء محمد علي محمود
Keywords: Municipal solid waste, waste recycling, environmental pollution.

Abstract

   Municipal solid waste is one of the most important environmental problems in the world and is an important source of environmental pollution and contributes significantly to the pollution of the basic environmental elements of soil, water and air. The management of municipal waste in general is a process of monitoring, collection, treatment or recycling if possible or disposal of waste. This term is used for waste produced by some human activities. States provide this process to mitigate the negative effects of waste on the environment, health and appearance of the city. It is possible to find solutions to the problem of solid waste and make it an important source of income and contribute to securing employment opportunities and reduce the import of some materials and raw materials from abroad in an integrated waste treatment method, which depends on reducing the production of waste by raising the level of awareness of citizens and society through sorting, Waste transportation, and the establishment, operation and maintenance of waste treatment plants. The problem of managing the municipal solid waste file in Iraq does not lie in the information or data, but in the executive procedures in terms of lack of interest in this file and disregard for the projects that were planned and completed in whole or in part, which was the first to work in this activity. Due to the financial crisis of the country it is possible to resort to the issue of investment in the management and operation of the municipal solid waste sector after reviewing the similar global experiences and according to the local legislation adopted so that it is possible to solve the problem of removing the waste from a large number of areas in Iraq which suffer from huge quantities of waste and treatment it according to the approved methods.

Author Biographies

وداد حمد شعبان

1Assist. Prof., Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq [email protected]

شيماء محمد علي محمود

2Assist. Lect., Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq [email protected]

Published
2020-06-30