أستخلاص الدهون من عظام الأبقار والأغنام والدجاج ودراسة محتواها من الأحماض الدهنية.

أستخلاص الدهون من عظام الأبقار والأغنام والدجاج ودراسة محتواها من الأحماض الدهنية.

  • Huda Farouk Abbas
  • Ala'a Abd AL Kareem
Keywords: fat, bone, extraction, fatty acid.

Abstract

The aim of present investigation was Litilizing cow, sheep and chicken bones that included both hollow and flat to produce fat. The extraction rat was increased propotionally with rising temperature and extraction time for both cow and sheep bones. The lowest extraction rat form hollow and flat bones for cow and sheep was 12.66, 6.55, 6.93 and 7% respectively at 60°C for 3 hours. The highest extraction rat for hollow cow bones was 21.90% at 90°C for 5 houers, values for flat cow bones, hollow and flat sheep bones was 15.04, 16.4 and 12.8% respectively at 100°C for 5 hours. While, hollow and flat chicken bones resulted lowest extraction rate, thus thermal treatment was conducted only at 90 °c and showed propotional increase with increasing extraction time, fat rat was 1.10 and 1.08% respectively after 3 hours, values were 1.17 and 1.12% respectively after 4 hours. using the Gas-liquid chromatography "GLC" device for fat bones it was obtained that the fat content are prevailing fatty acids according to its presence ratios in the fat hollow cows bones Oleic acid, Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Palmitoleic acid, Linoleic acid, Myristic acid respectively, while the fat from flat cows bones according to its presence ratios as Oleic acid comes, Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Palmitoleic acid, Myristic acid, Linoleic acid, respectively, and that the sequence of fatty acids by its presence in the fat hollow sheep bones ratios was Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid , Palmitoleic Acid, Linoleic Acid, Myristic Acid respectively, and in the fat flat sheep bones as follows Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid, Myristic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, Linoleic Acid, respectively, while in the fat of hollow chicken bones was as follow Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Linoleic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, Stearic Acid, Myristic Acid respectively, while flat bones fat were Oleic Acid, Linoleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, Alpha Linolenic Acid, Myristic Acid respectively, also the results showed that the flat chicken bones contained uniqueness fatty acid (the α- Linolenic Acid).

Author Biographies

Huda Farouk Abbas

Department of Food Sciences, Colleget of Agriculture
University of Baghdad

Ala'a Abd AL Kareem

Department of Food Sciences, Colleget of Agriculture
University of Baghdad

Published
2015-12-15